ISSN: 1304-7191 | E-ISSN: 1304-7205
Theoretical and practical analysis of parallel operating conditions of two transformers with different relative short circuit voltages
1Department of Electrical Electronics, Zonguldak Bulent Ecevit University, Zonguldak, 67100, Türkiye
Sigma J Eng Nat Sci 2024; 42(3): 701-713 DOI: 10.14744/sigma.2023.00025
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The safety of the electrical energy supply is one of the most critical issues for companies en-gaged in production. The internal distribution network, which will provide the energy for the production elements, is essential. Power Transformers, which energize the loads fed from the electricity distribution network, are backed up in a way suitable for parallel operation for energy supply security. As a result of this situation, in case of a predictive failure in one of the transformers, energy supply safety is ensured since the other transformer is designed to carry the load alone. When one of these identical transformers is damaged, the relative short-cir-cuit voltage of the new transformer to be integrated into the system may be different. The transformers with different short-circuit voltages are not shared their load equally. For this reason, the total amount of load that they can be loaded, the relative short-circuit voltage that will occur, and the load rates they are loaded change. In this study, a detailed analysis of two transformers with different relative short-circuit voltages and operating in parallel was made, both theoretically and as a result of the application, with the information obtained through the SCADA program. The theoretical values were calculated as a result of the analysis, the SCADA values were compared, and the margin of safety between them was established. It has been shown that the safety margin will protect against overload on a low short-circuit transformer. After the commissioning, the load rating needs to check and it can be regulated in line with the load rates that will occur after commissioning.